This site contains materials for amateurs and collectors of old pocket watches.
It is believed that the first in the history of the pocket watch (the famous “Nuremberg egg”) were invented in 1510 by German master Peter Henlein. Although at the time no one carried watches in his pocket. They hung them on a chain that was worn around the neck. Watches had a spherical shape. So it will be more correct English term “pendant watches” or “Onion Watch”.
Familiar pocket watch view: a round case with a lid, which protects the dial pocket watch on a chain (Breguet) acquired in the XVII century. It was then that was invented clockwork compact size, allowing the clock to fit in a pocket and to be carried with them every day.
But the real pocket they were only in the XVIII century. Men imposingly fetched his silver or gold pocket watch with the battle and saw the time. It was a very aristocratic and points to the solvency of their owner, because it was quite expensive to buy a pocket watch.
It is interesting to take into account the fact that until the middle of the XIX century the majority of the pocket watch had a key that the square hole at the time of the plant was connected to the shaft of the drum, and the rest of the time was kept on a chain next to the clock.
In the XIX century the fashion became a new kind of pocket watches – Hunter. Hunter watch were flat, round, with a mandatory cap, and they lived happily until today. Pocket watches are differed into “Hunter” (French version – “Savonette”) and “Lepine” – the presence or absence of the flip cover on the dial. In this classification is quite rational justification. In the middle of the XIX century, a separate crown was replaced by the crown, and pocket watches were formed two types of mechanism: “Lepine” and “Savonette”. They are fundamentally different system remontoir. In “Lepine” winding shaft is in line with the transfer of second wheel, and it was “Savonette” perpendicular. Thus, in a classic “pickpocket” with a side second hand at “6 o’clock” crown “Lepin” should be in the upper part of the body, at the level of “12 hours”, while the “Savonette” – side, a mark “3 hours.” This difference is defined by the following factor: “Lepine” inherit pendant-timepieces past, it was protected only by glass, while “Savonette” had protective metal top cover, which made it possible to make the clock more robust and practical. Hence, in fact, it takes its name watches, which can be translated as “a piece of soap.” “Savonette” became the prototype of later watches.
There is another kind of body for this type of mechanism – the so-called “Half-Hunter”. It had a small window in the cover itself – it allows you to see the time without opening the watch. Protected “Gunther” were typical of German watchmaking – for example, that they were famous Glashütte workshops. French watchmakers were accustomed to delicate fragile “Lepine.”