Antique Pocket Watches » Lesson 1 » Using a Screw Driver. Use Tweezers

Using a Screw Driver. Use Tweezers

Cases Without Sleeves

In some of the older style cases for lever set movements where there is no sleeve, you will find a screw in the pendant of the case at a point indicated by the arrow C figure 21 – which fits in a slot in the stem, thus holding the stem in proper position. In such a style case it is necessary to back this screw out far enough to allow the stem to be withdrawn from the case by means of the crown and then it is an easy matter to slip the movement out.

Using a Screw Driver

At this point it is well to lest your ability to manipulate a watch screw driver.
The head of the screw driver turns freely on the shank so that by placing the first finger on this head and holding the shank between the thumb and second finger you can turn the shank and of course the blade with it, by merely rolling it between the thumb and finger. See figure 22.

At times where the screw is difficult to start some prefer putting the bead of the screw driver in the palm of the hand and using the first and second fingers on one side and the thumb on the other to secure a little more leverage in turning.

Selecting Proper Size of Screw Driver

In selecting a screw driver for any particular screw try to have the blade as near as possible the same width as the diameter of the screw head in order to prevent twisting the point of the blade or marring the head of the screw, also where a screw is in a recessed plate never have the screw driver any larger than the head of the screw, otherwise you will mar the plate.

Use Tweezers When Handling Watch Parts

Use tweezersUse the proper size screw driver and turn each screw D and E figure 21 until it is entirely free. Then with your tweezers lift each case screw out and place in your material tray.
The most common and natural way of holding the tweezers when manipulating any small object is as shown in figure 23. Here you can see the tweezers are held in much the same way that a pencil is held in writing. One side rests upon the second finger while the pressure necessary to hold an object is applied by means of the thumb and first finger.

Sometimes where more force is necessary as in pulling at some part that has become stuck, the tweezers are held inside the hand as shown in figure 24, the pressure being applied by means of the first and second fingers on one side and the thumb on the other. It is also more convenient at times, to handle the tweezers this way in holding small objects than as first described. Practice each method and you will soon find yourself using the one that is best adapted for the work you are doing.

Nearly all beginners use too much pressure on the tweezers. Use only enough to maintain the necessary grip when picking up or placing any watch parts or material. By using unnecessary pressure there is always danger of snapping the piece out of the tweezers.

At first it will seem awkward to handle small objects in this manner but with practice it will come easier until finally you will have no trouble in manipulating the smallest parts with tweezers.

Taking Movement From Case. Polish the Case. Replace Movement.
Taking Movement From Case Having removed the case scrcws, a slight pressure on the movement usually will cause it to slip from the case into the hand held ready to catch it. If the movement sticks slightly it may be forced from the case using the thumb nail of the right hand

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